B.2. Design for circularity analysis
To understand to what extent the design of the car is aligned with circular economy loops, a Design for Circularity analysis was performed using the Stena Circular Consulting framework for product analysis. The framework considers the circular economy loops* from three key perspectives: product design, system, and business model. The analytical process included a physical disassembly of a car and a high voltage battery, expert interviews, and desk research. The analysis resulted in a circular economy design guideline that will function as a tool for engineers when designing future vehicles.
* Prolong, repair, remanufacture, refurbish and recycle.